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Lower Danube: The Grain Warehouse (horreum) at Abritus


The fortified plateau of Hissarlik containing the site of Abritus slopes down toward the river Beli Lom, a tributary of the Roussenski Lom which, about 50 km to the north,  joins the Danube at Rousse, site of the Roman fort Sexaginta Prista. This fertile alluvial region has, since ancient times, contained agricultural and cattle-breeding fields and vineyards, providing food for both civil and military populations.

Large storage facilities for grain from the late Roman Empire have been discovered within the massive walls of the fort at Abritus.  About ten meters south of the western gate was excavated an horreum, or grain warehouse, with thirteen bastions or counterforts along both its east and west walls (fig.1). The rectangular ground plan of the building,  which was in use between the 4th and 6th centuries AD, is orientated from north to south, with outer dimensions of 56 by 20 meters.

[Fig.1: The reconstructed horreum or grain warehouse at Abritus (J. Furkov; in T. Ivanov and S. Stoyanov 1985).]


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