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Aquincum's legionary camp and civilian town (canabae) were located near the midpoint of the northern Danubian frontier of the Roman Empire. In the 19th century, remains of Roman Aquincum were first excavated, leading to the eventual uncovering by archaeologists of major elements of its canabae, dating from the early centuries of the Empire.
The town contained a forum, basilica or law court, residential zones, commercial and craftsworkers' steets, and public theaters. Not far away from the Arena was located the city marketplace. Today the market zone contains the site lapidarium, including hundreds of gravestones from the necropolis or burial area, many with their sculptures (fig.1) still intact.
[Fig.1: Roman grave relief with deep relief carving, now in the lapidarium at Aquincum.(© BFA Documentary Photography)]
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