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 Athena Review, Vol. 4, No. 2

Archaeology on the Internet

Gothic Cathedrals:

Musée de Moyen Age, Paris

The Museum of Medieval Art in Paris, located in the 16th century Hôtel de Cluny and the Gallo-Roman baths of the 1st-3rd centuries AD, has an English version of its website. In addition to facts about location, hours, and special services, viewers can access information on its collection which includes: Antiquity-Early Middle Ages (the Pilier des Nautes); Romanesque World (capitals from St. Germain-de-Prés); Gothic sculptures (St. Denis, Ste. Geneviève, Ste Chapelle, etc.); Paintings and stained glass; Goldsmith's' work; Tapestries (Lady and the Unicorn); and Everyday life. Selected items are numbered in the useful gallery maps.

Mary Anne Sullivan, Bluffton College

The visitor can view photos of the tympana of Notre Dame's West Front, including details of the Last Judgment portal, the portal of the Virgin Mary, and the St. Anne portal. There is also a page on St. Stephen's tympanum of the south transept.

Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

The cathedral is presented more as a religious building than an artistic monument. The site has a short time chart; plan of the cathedral;. list of the builders of the cathedral; a glossary; and some color photos. An English version is available.

Media Center for Art History, Columbia University

An illustrated social history of Notre Dame, the site describes the different people associated with the cathedral, including bishops, canons, royalty, merchants at trade fairs, among others. Selections of medieval music may be accessed. A bibliography, much of it related to medieval musical compositions, is included.

[Villard de Honnecourt's drawing of the west façade at Laon, ca.1230 (Bibliothèque nationale de France,].

Université de Picardie Jules Verne

Focusing on the interior of Amien's cathedral, there are many photographs, sections, elevations, and plans, including one showing the location of tombs. There are also two time-lines: one from 1218 onward describing important dates in the cathedral's history; and another summarizing Amien's history from the Neolithic period to 1218. Only available in French.

Alison Stones, University of Pittsburgh

This section on St. Denis is part of a larger site on medieval art and architecture, which includes abbeys, churches, castles and some entire towns at many locations in France. Illustrated topics for St. Denis include: maps and plans; exterior architecture; exterior sculpture; narthex, interior nave; interior choir; interior crypt; crypt capitals; mosaics, retables; and treasures.

Mt. Holyoke College

The Age of Gothic Cathedrals, part of a course entitled Pasts and Presences in the West, presents over 130 images of cathedrals. These include St. Denis, Saint Germain des Prés, Notre-Dame, Chartres, Amiens, Beauvais, Laon, Senlis, Soissons, and Reims, (also some English and Italian cathedrals). There are sections on geometry and construction, and a discussion of the "city and the cathedral," by Stephen Murray.

Metropolitan Museum of Art

Part of the Timeline of Art History series, this is a concise discussion of the Gothic style, beginning with the first use of the term by Giorgio Vasari in the 16th century. The visitor can go to highlighted areas in the text for illustrations of various terms such as Romanesque buildings; flying buttresses; slender columns; stained glass; and monumental rose window.

University of Newcastle, England

The medieval architect, Villard de Honnecourt (ca. 1230-35) produced a remarkable portfolio of drawings, many of which were groundplans and elevations of Gothic cathedrals. He also drew rose windows, cross-sections of supports, and church furnishings. Other subjects include mechanical devices, religious scenes, and animals. Visitors can view pages from his album, and read a short biography.

Medieval Poetry:

Fordham University

A site dedicated to the life and works of Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179), it contains a summary of her life, a few sort selections from her writings, and a bibliography, as well as a list of her recorded musical compositions.

[Archangel Michael weighing the sins on a scale from the central portal of the Last Judgment, originally 1220-1230 (photo:Athena Review)].

Poet Seers

Eight of Hildegard of Bingen's prayers, (translated into English) are made available:

1) Song to the Creator

2) Antiphon for the Angels

3) God's Word is in all creation

4) O greening branch

5) Ave Maria

6) Loving Tenderness

7) O glistening sunlight

8) Ave Generosa

The works of other mystics and visionary poets are also available.

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