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Map of Fayum and adjacent Nile regions
The Fayum region, located 20-80 km west of the River Nile, includes
both eroded badlands, and a large oasis focused on Lake Quran
(anciently called Lake Moeris). A smaller oasis, Wadi Rayan, is
to the southwest.
Several sites with pyramids dating from the 4th through the
Dynasties occur from the area of Dahshur southwest to the
Fayum. These sites include Dahshur, Lisht, Medum, Lahun, and
Many sites within the Fayum date from the Ptolemaic-Roman era
(ca 330 BC-AD 400) when earlier sites were reoccupied, and others were
used as the swampy areas around the lake were
extensively drained. Some of these sites, inlcuding Hawara, Karanis,
Tebtunis, and Arsinoe (or Crocodilopolis) were excavated in the 1890s
through 1920s by Flinders Petrie and his colleagues..
Fig.1: Map of the Fayum and adjacent Nile regions.
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