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Map of Fayum and adjacent Nile regions


  

The Fayum region, located 20-80 km west of the River Nile, includes both eroded badlands, and a large oasis focused on Lake Quran (anciently called Lake Moeris).  A smaller oasis, Wadi Rayan, is to the southwest.
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Several sites with pyramids dating from the  4th through the 12th Dynasties occur from  the area of Dahshur southwest to the  Fayum. These sites include Dahshur, Lisht, Medum, Lahun, and Hawara.

Many sites within the Fayum date from the Ptolemaic-Roman era (ca 330 BC-AD 400) when earlier sites were reoccupied, and others were used as the swampy areas around the lake were extensively drained. Some of these sites, inlcuding Hawara, Karanis, Tebtunis, and Arsinoe (or Crocodilopolis) were excavated in the 1890s through 1920s by Flinders Petrie and his colleagues.. 

Fig.1: Map of the Fayum and adjacent Nile regions.
 

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