Fig.1: Aerial photograph of the Pyramids and tombs of Giza.
Giza contains three large pyramids containing the tombs of the 4th Dynasty kings Cheops, Cephren, and Menkaure. Smaller pyramids contained tombs of Royal queens and princesses. In addition, there are many vaulted tombs called mastaba tombs, located in groups near each pyramid or along sacred processional roads leading to them.
The most completely excavated of the pyramid complexes in that of Cephren, which has a valley temple at the start of the processional road leading to the mortuary temple, at the base of the Pyramid. The sphinx is also associated with Cephren's complex, and has its own temple beside the valley temple.
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