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Lahun: 12th Dynasty papyrus with grain accounts
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Lahun Papyrus UC 32189, with transcription at bottom (Petrie Institute, Univ. Coll. London





During excavations from 1889-1899, Flinders Petrie and his colleagues found a mass of papyrus documents at Lahun, comprising the the largest known collection of surviving Middle Kingdom documents, dating from ca. 2025-1700 BC.  These papyri are placed into two groups:

(1) 
Business papers of the cult for king Senusret II, found in a rubbish mound by the west wall of the town, north of the Valley Temple  Most date to the reigns of Senusret III and Amenemhat III. They are now in the Egyptian Museums of Berlin and Cairo.
(2)  Miscellaneous manuscripts dating to the late 12th and early 13th Dynasties,  found
by Flinders Petrie throughout the town site in 1889. These are now in the Petrie Museum in London.

Among the latter group is the document shown above (Lahun UC 32189),  representing a grain account. In fragmentary condition, it is translated (with gaps) as follows:

"Summary of this ...    
Director Sasobek                                          Territory
Director Pepinekhen                                     of
Director Khakheperra                                   the
Overseer of protected lands Imbu                Pavilion priest Iuseneb
District overseer Nebsekhut    
Sealer Nenkhemsen    
Priest over the watch Werneb son of Senebtyfy
 
Total
Amount of fixed dues being given upon the farmers [...] who are in the district of ...
Expenditure from this amount
[Arr]ears   .....
...... "

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