Athena Review Image Archive ™
Lahun: 12th Dynasty papyrus with grain accounts
Lahun Papyrus UC 32189, with transcription at bottom (Petrie Institute, Univ. Coll. London)
During excavations from 1889-1899, Flinders Petrie and his colleagues found a mass of papyrus documents at Lahun, comprising the the largest known collection of surviving Middle Kingdom documents, dating from ca. 2025-1700 BC. These papyri are placed into two groups:
(1) Business papers of the cult for king Senusret II, found in a rubbish mound by the west wall of the town, north of the Valley Temple Most date to the reigns of Senusret III and Amenemhat III. They are now in the Egyptian Museums of Berlin and Cairo.
(2) Miscellaneous manuscripts dating to the late 12th and early 13th Dynasties, found by Flinders Petrie throughout the town site in 1889. These are now in the Petrie Museum in London.
Among the latter group is the document shown above (Lahun UC 32189), representing a grain account. In fragmentary condition, it is translated (with gaps) as follows:
"Summary of this ...
Director Sasobek Territory
Director Pepinekhen of
Director Khakheperra the
Overseer of protected lands Imbu Pavilion priest Iuseneb
District overseer Nebsekhut
Priest over the watch Werneb son of Senebtyfy
Amount of fixed dues being given upon the farmers [...] who are in the district of ...
Expenditure from this amount
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