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Dionysos: Temple of Sobek-Re at Qasr Qarun

The Temple of Sobek-Re at Qasr Qarun (photo: Frith 1862).

Qasr Qarun is located in the ruins of the ancient town of Dionysos, located on the southwestern end of Lake Moeris in the the Fayum region. Dionysos lay at the start of the caravan route across the Western Desert to Bahriya Oasis.  

During the Ptolemaic and Roman periods there were  municipal baths, villas, and two known temples. The smaller of these, the Temple of Sobek-Re, was dedicated to the Fayoumi crocodile-headed diety Sobek. Built mainly of mudbrick in the early Ptolemaic period at about 330- 3290 BC, its rectangular facade had slightly tilted walls. T
he temple is shown in this photo after the restoration of its facade, which was missing in the 1798 drawing by the French Expediiton.  

The interior contains Ionic columns. Only the square core of the structure has survived with most of its outlying buildings destroyed.  The temple interior is has numerous small rooms, with stairways to the roof. 


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