Arles (Roman Arelate) sits at the southernmost crossing of the Rhône along several Roman roads (shown as grey lines). These included two north-south routes linking Cologne (Colonia Agrippinensis) with Marseille (Massilia), and Aix-en Provence (Aquae Sextiae); and the Via Domitia, a major east-west road skirting the southern coast of Gaul between northern Italy and Spain.
Mountainous terrain in southern Gaul served to confine major roads within riverine and coastal strips (yellow-orange areas). Those regions shown in red on the map are above 200 meters elevation.
[Fig.1: Mouth of the Rhône River on the Mediterranean coast of the Riviera (Athena Review).]
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