Colchester (Camulodunum) was one of the most important towns of Roman Britain, serving as administrative headquarters during the initial Roman advance in the 1st century AD. Camulodunum was one of three Roman centers burned and sacked during the Boudiccan revolt of AD 60-61. It also held a colonia or settlement for legionary veterans. Large sections survive of the town's perimeter wall constructed during the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, along with portions of the western or Balkerne gate and guardroom, today overlain by a tavern. The wall, maintained through the Medieval period, shows typical Roman construction methods of stone masonry interspersed with layers of red bonding tiles.
[Fig.1: Western or Balkerne Gate at Colchester (photo: Athena Review).]
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