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Lower Danube: Plan of the Baths at Durostorum


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The remains of Roman Durostorum lie beneath the center of modern-day Silistra, making it difficult to carry out archaeological excavations at the site. Investigations led by P. Donevski from 1972 to 1981 succeeded in locating and partially revealing the layout of the ancient legionary camp, or castra. Six periods of construction are indicated between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD (fig.1) While relatively little information is available on the earliest building phase, the fortification system has been studied in several areas. Initially the wall was about 1.50 m thick and was reinforced with inner rectangular towers.

Several buildings have been partially excavated in the canabae (military settlement), including a public bath located about 250 m north of the camp. Built in the first half of the 2nd century, the baths had a series of linked buildings facing southwest (fig.1). During recent bath excavations, floor tiles stamped with the name RVMORIDVS were found in one room. These refer to Flavius Rumoridus, who contributed to the general reconstruction and refortification of the province in the 4th century.

[Fig.1: Baths in the canabae at Durostorum, and residential buildings to the south. (after P. Donevski 1990)].

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