free issue                                   back issues                                                     subscribe   

Athena Review Image Archive     


Mayapán: The Pyramid of Cuculcán


Mayapán was the dominant Mayan political and ceremonial center of western Yucatan after the 13th century fall of Chichén Itzá, and home to the Xiu and Cocom dynasties until their rift in AD 1450. At the heart of the ceremonial center is the large four-sided mound called the Pyramid of Cuculcán, a Late Postclassic imitation of the Castillo at Chichén Itzá. Cuculcán was the mythical Toltec leader who, as Landa reports, founded both of these centers.

Reached by stairways on all four sides, the main temple at Mayapán overlooks numerous other temples and colonnaded rectangular masonry dwellings on lower mounds in the site, totalling about 120 buildings.

[Fig.1: Catherwood's drawing of the principal mound at Mayapán (Stephens 1843).]

.


Athena Review Image Archive™   | Guide to Archaeology on the Internet   |   free trial issue |  subscribe  |  back issues

Main index of Athena Review   |   Subject Index   |   Travel Pages   |  Galleries and Museums  |  Ad rates |  Current issue index


Copyright  ©  1996-2003    Athena Publications, Inc.  (All Rights Reserved).