Upcoming in Vol. 2, no. 4, available this winter:
NEANDERTHALS AND MODERN HUMANS
ONE SPECIES, OR TWO?
Were Neanderthals our direct ancestors? Articles in this issue of Athena Review, written by several prominent researchers in paleoanthropology, will discuss the many theories of coexistance between modern humans and Neanderthals, debating whether there was violence, peaceful cohabitation, or a lack of any contact whatsoever. Authors and Subjects include:
Joao Zilhao: Recent fossil discoveries from Portugal suggesting that some Neanderthal populations may have interbred with modern humans.
Igor Ovchinnikov, Kirsten Liden, and William Goodman: New DNA studies conducted on European fossils indicating little genetic similarity between Neanderthals and modern humans.
John Shea: Evidence from the Levant proposing that initially, Neanderthals replaced an early population of anatomically modern humans during the Middle Paleolithic (ca. 75,000 BP). Later, Neanderthals in the same region were themselves replaced by a more recent population of modern humans, during the transition to the Upper Paleolithic (ca. 45,000 BP).
Other articles will explore differences and similarities between Neanderthal and early modern human behaviorfrom hunting strategies to language and symbolic thoughtand how these may indicate our relationship to our last, and closest, human relative.
Also included are articles on the mysterious Akha of Thailand, the Silk Road of China, and Humboldt in South America. Plus our regularly featured Recent Finds in Archaeology, book and internet reviews and much more!
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