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Novae went through two primary building periods. The original site (Novae I) included the Roman fortress, while the eastern extension (Novae II) was added in the late Roman and early Byzantine periods (4th-6th centuries AD). By AD 476 and 486-88, Novae was the principal residence of the Gothic king Theodoricus (as described in the Chronicon of Marcelinus Comes, 487, X). As at other settlements along the south bank of the Danube, by the end of the 6th and in the beginning of the 7th century, Novae was exposed to constant attacks of Avars and Slavs. The latest ancient coins from the site date to the Byzantine emperors Phocas and Heraclius (between AD 603 and 613).
Identified structures at Novae include the central building; cathedral; basilica minor; bath and bishops residence; peristyle villa; and the grain warehouse or horreum.
[Fig.1: Plan of Novae I and II (after T. Sarnowski 1999).]
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