Carwent was called Venta Silurum in Roman times, when it served as the market town and administrative center of the Silures, a Celtic tribe inhabiting southeast Wales at the time of the Roman conquest (AD 43-65),
The Silurum Stone was erected at Caerwent by members of the Silures tribal council in honor of Tiberius Claudius Paulinus, a former commander of the 2nd Augustan Legion, and the Governor of Britannia Secunda in AD 220. The stone now lies on the porch of the Church of St. Stephen and St. Tathan in Carwent, with a replica in the Newport Museum.
The inscription, with letters, painted red, lists the offices held by Paulinus prior to arriving in Britain.
"To [Tiberius Claudius] Paulinus, Legate of the Second Legion Augusta, proconsul of the province of Narbonensis, emperors propraetorian legate of the province of Lugdunensis, by decree of the council, the Canton of the Silurians (set this up).
[Fig.1: Silurum Stone from Caerwent (RIB 311; Newport Museum and Art Gallery).]
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