The Forum was the center of Roman civic life for over five hundred years, and contains multiple layers of ancient buildings in the midst of modern Rome. This photo, which looks east through the Forum, shows the site during late 19th century excavations.
At front left is the Arch of Septimius Severus, with the Column of Phocas at center, and column bases from the Basilica Julia at right. In the far distance is the Arch of Titus, beyond which lies the Colosseum. The source of the image is Rudolfo Lanciani, an archaeologist and engineer who worked in Rome in the 1880s and 90s, and wrote widely-read accounts of the findings.
[Fig.1: Roman Forum (after Lanciani 1897).]
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