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Ancient Thrace (Thracia) stretched from the Danube to the Aegean, bounded on the east by the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and on the west by the mountains east of the Vardar (Greek Axios) River.
Thrace was bordered on the north by the Danubian province of Moesia, and on the south by Macedonia, homeland of Alexander the Great. Moesia and Thracia together made up the region of modern Bulgaria, south the the River Danube.
Within and just south of the Balkans, there is a concentration of elite burials with rich grave offerings placed in Thracian mound tombs called heroons. Most date from the 5th-3rd centuries BC.
[Fig.1: Map of Ancient Thrace and surrounding provinces of the Hellenistic and Roman empires (Athena Review).]
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