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Toltec Canoes on Mural in Temple of the Warriors


A painting from the Temple of the Warriors at Chichén Itzá shows warriors (presumably, Toltecs) with bows, arrows, and shields, passing coastal villages in large canoes. The mural dates from the Early Postclassic period (AD 1000-1250) when the Toltecs dominated northern Yucatán, with their capital at Chichén Itzá. The boats portrayed here appear comparable to the large trading canoe described by Ferdinand Colon at Bonacca in the  Bay Islands of Honduras, during the 4th Voyage of Columbus. The thatched-roof house at upper left is similar to those used today by Maya in Yucatán.

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[Fig.1: Drawing of wall mural from the Temple of the Warriors at Chichén Itzá, showing Toltecs passing the Maya coast.]

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